Technological resources have pervaded the educational arena, demanding effective institutional leadership capable of managing the changes dictated by this phenomenon in ways that minimize disruption and optimize the effectiveness of teaching and learning in the digital age. This chapter reviews the literature on distance education leadership, identifies the need for leadership, discusses the transformative process driven by instructional technology, and examines leadership approaches that contribute to outcomes that are either disruptive or innovative.

Beaudoin, M. (2012). Institutional Leadership: Transformative Change or Disruptive Technology? In: Moore, M. (ed.), Handbook of Distance Education (3rd edition). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.